Pavement ants

Pavement ants Size: Workers:1/16-1/8" Queens: 3/8"  Color: light brown to black with paler legs and antenna Antenna:12-segmented with 3-segmented club  Thorax:  Pair of small spines, unevenly rounded  Pedicel: 2 segments  This ant is often seen Making dirt mounds around and between concrete cracks.  It is a frequent pest in slab structures coming  up expansion joints and foundations.

Occasional invaders

Pill bugs

Sowbug/Pillbug live in damp areas and enter the structure to find optimal moisture. They may come in during or after a rain because they are trying to avoid drowning, or they may come in after a long hot day to find more moisture or a cool environment. This pest can be managed by removing harborage areas like mulch beds, or with an exterior treatment.

House Centipedes

House Centipedes are fast moving pests often found in crawl spaces, wall voids, and basements of structures. They may be treated with a dust and/or spray.   It is important to treat both the interior and exterior of the structure for best results.


Centipedes are usually found outside under mulch, in old logs, or under stones. They may enter a structure to find the correct moisture level or temperature. Management of this pest can best be gained by removing harborage areas or with an exterior treatment.


Millipedes are usually found outside under mulch, in old logs, or under stones. They may enter a structure to find the correct moisture level or temperature. Management of this pest can best be gained by removing harborage areas like mulch beds or with an exterior treatment.


Earwigs are usually found outside under mulch, in logs, under pots, in storage sheds, under stones.... They may enter the structure to find the correct moisture level or temperature.   They can be managed by exterior treatments.

Camel Crickets

Camel Crickets are pests often found in crawl spaces or basements. They are drawn to the moist and dark areas and may feed on a variety of items including fabrics, paper, mold, mildew, fruits, vegetables....They are easy managed with baits or sprays.


Drain Fly

Drain Fly is a small moth-like fly that breads in wet areas. The drain fly gets its name from it habit of breeding and developing in dirty drains. Control for this pest is to find the area of infestation and clean it out. Bleach will not solve a drain fly problem! The drain or wet area must be cleaned and all the debris removed.

Fruit Fly

Fruit Fly is a small fly most often seen to have red eyes (although brown, orange, & white are also possible. This fly feeds and breads on fruit or vegetables. Infestations of this fly usually come from forgotten produce that has fallen behind something. Control for this pest requires a through search for these items. Removing the produce will control further breading. The adults are short lived but can be killed quickly with an aerosol or fogger.

Cluster Fly

Cluster Fly is a large slow moving fly often seen inside structures in the fall winter and spring. They enter the structure as adults and over winter in the building and leave in the spring. They do not reproduce in the structure, rather they reproduce in fields where they parasitize earthworms. Most often in rural homes that are located in or around a large open field. Management is accomplished in the early fall by spraying a micro-encapsulated chemical on the exterior of the structure to prevent the flies from entering.

Fabric & Paper pests


Silverfish are common household pest feeding on the backing of insulation and other paper products. Managing this insect may take time and work due to the fact that they live in wall voids and attics. Do not expect overnight results - it may take several months to manage this pest. There are many different fabric moths and beetles that are not listed at this time. We are working getting those on the web sight.


German Cockroach

German Cockroaches typically found in Kitchen and Bathroom areas. This roach likes warmth and moisture. They will stay close to available food and prefer a dark area. You may see these roaches scatter when lights are turned on. This is a small roach reaching only 5/8 inch /16mm in length as an adult. The German cockroach produces more eggs per case than other roaches and are fast to become adults; egg to adult in 36 to 60 days. A good sign of German cockroaches is the peppery spots around harborage areas. These spots are actually fecal material with aggregation pheromone that attract other German roaches to the area. Females may produce an average of 4-5 ootheca (egg case containing 30-40 eggs) and live more than 200 days. )

American Cockroach

American Cockroaches typically are found in sewers and basements, particularly around pipes. This is a large roach reaching 1.5 inches/38 mm when fully developed. Development from egg to adult takes around 24 weeks. Adults live on average 440 days. orientalcockro.jpg (58743 bytes) Oriental Cockroaches this species often travels through sewer pipes, trash shoots, cool dark damp areas, basements, crawl spaces, beneath leaves and live on filth. If water is available this roach can live for a month without food, but will die within two weeks without water. So drying out infested areas is critical. This roach grows to 1 inch /25mm and takes at least 311 days and may be as long as 800 days to go from egg to adult. 

Wood Cockroaches

  Wood Cockroach typically found in hollow trees, under loose bark, often in wood piles, and in cracks and crevices in rural buildings. This roach is medium large reaching 1 inch /25mm for males and 3/4 inch /19mm for females.

Brownbanded Cockroaches

Brownbanded Cockroaches prefer high dry areas like cupboards, pantries, and behind pictures. They prefer starches for food. This is a small roach rarely reach over 12 /13mm long and takes at least 95 days to mature. Adults live about 10 months.  This roach is a good flyer and will take flight if disturbed. 

Bees & Wasps

Carpenter Bees

Carpenter Bees range from 1/2 to 1 inch (12.5 - 25 mm) long and are robust in form. They look similar to bumble bees but the top part of the abdomen is mostly bare of hairs. Carpenter bees are commonly seen chewing holes on the underside of wood. These holes lead into a gallery that may extend to several feet damaging the structural integrity of the wood. These bees are not social and do not have nests or hives. Male carpenter bees are territorial and often become aggressive hovering and buzzing around ones head. This aggressive behavior is all show since the males have no stinger. The female does have a stinger and the sting can be quite painful. Luckily she is not as aggressive as the male and seldom stings. Treatment involves treating the holes with a dust or aerosol and sealing up the entrances.


Yellowjackets can be very aggressive when disturbed and should be treated with care. The yellowjacket is a social insect forming both in ground and above ground nests. The nests are similar in appearance to a hornets nest. Yellow jackets are common around structures. Nests are found in attics, wall voids, behind electric boxes, under decks,... These wasps can be treated with a dust or a spray, depending where the nest is located. These wasps will sting if disturbed, so do not try to hose them down with a water hose.  This will only make them agitated.

Honey Bees

Honey Bees are beneficial insects and should not be killed unless it is needed to prevent stings or structural damage. Bees can build their hive in wall voids, attics, in hollowed trees.... Bees can be treated with a dust. However, if the bees have a hive in a structure the control does not stop there; removal of the nest may be required to prevent the honey from rotting and causing problems with odor or infestations of other insects. Honey should NOT be consumed if the nest has been treated with any chemical.


Acrobat ants

Acrobat ants Size: Workers: 1/16-1/8" (2.5-4 mm) long Queen: up to 3/8" (10 mm) long Color: Light brown to black Antenna: 11-segmented, with 3-segment club Thorax: 1 pair dorsal spines Pedicel: 2-segmented, attached to upper side of gaster. Gaster: Hart-shaped Biology: Little is known but most indoor colonies are moderate to large and prefer areas that have been subject to moisture or fungal decay. They will nest in styrofoam insulation panels and in wall voids. Outside they are commonly seen under rocks fallen logs or in decaying trees. They will occasionally nest in old abandoned wood destroying insect galleries such as termite, carpenter ant, wood borer, powderpost beetles or wood wasps. Acrobat ants will feed on other insects, sweets and high protein foods. A good distinguishing behavioral characteristic is when disturbed or alarmed this ant will raise its abdomen over the thorax and head. The ants are aggressive and may bite and give off a repulsive odder. Swarmers have been observed from mid-June to late September.

Carpenter ants

Carpenter ants Size: Workers: 1/8-1/2" (3.5-13 mm) Queen: up to 2-5/8" (13-17 mm) Color: Black, combinations of red and black, or completely red or brown. Antenna: 12-segmented without club Thorax: Lacks spins, profile evenly rounded on upper side. Pedicel: 1-segmented Gaster: Circlet of hairs Biology: Black carpenter ants colonies are moderate size with over 3,000 workers (10-15,000 including satellite nests). Colony maturity is reached in about 3 to 6 years. Development time (egg to adult) for workers takes at least 60 days. Workers are found in many sizes and have majors, minors, and intermediates with different jobs. There is usually only one functional, wingless queen per colony. Swarmers are not produced for the first two years, usually 3.5-10 years depending on species. Swarmers usually seen from May to August in the Eastern U.S.. Carpenter ants nest in wood that has been damaged by water or has been softened by decay. In homes these ants can be destructive to wood and may cause damage to the structure. Carpenter ants do not eat wood but move it to make their nests. Common areas to find these ants in structures are in the wood along the eves, wood around chimneys, in wall voids, in wood under sinks, commodes, or bathtubs that are leaking, in the crawl space around exterior doors or where the structure is leaking. The colonies can be located by placing something sweet out and watching the ants take it back to their nests. The workers may forage up to 300 feet from their nest or satellite nest. If the carpenter ants are not seen in the winter the nest may be outside in  stumps, fire wood, old trees, fence posts, or other areas of damaged wood. Although some carpenter ants are active during the day the majority will be active after dark with peak time between 10pm and 2am.

Little black ants

Little black ant Size: Workers: 1/16" (1.5-2 mm) Queens: 1/8" (3-4 mm) Color: Dark brown to Black Antenna: 12-segmented with 3-segment club Thorax: Lacks spines unevenly rounded Pedicel: 2-segmented Biology: Very little is known about these ants. The colonies are moderate to large in size and have many queens. Winged reproductives are seen from June to August. Nests can be found within a structure in decaying wood, between wood and masonry, and in wall voids. Outside nests are under rocks, in logs, or in the lawn. They feed on other insects, sweets, honeydew, grease, oil, meats, meal, and fruits. They forage in trails that can easily be seen on foundation and along walkways.

Odorous house ants

Odorous house ant Size: Workers 1/16-1/8" (2.4-3.25 mm) Color: Brown to black Antenna: 12-segmented, without a club Thorax: Lacks spines unevenly rounded Pedicel: 1-segmented with node hidden by base of gaster Biology: The colonies range from several hundred to 10,000 ants and have many queens. Developmental time (egg to adult) is 34-83 days in summer and 6-7 months in the winter. Swarmers are seen from May to mid-July. The workers and queens live several years. Nests can be found within a structure in wall voids around hot water pipes and heaters, around sink, behind insulation in crawlspaces and in attics. Outside nests are found along foundation under mulch along concrete joints, under stones, under logs, and even with other larger ants. These ants feed on sweets, protein, plant secretions, and honeydew from other insects. When disturbed the ants will raise their gasters similarly to acrobat ants, however odorous house ants cannot cover there body or head with their gaster.


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Top Ways to Avoid Getting Pests in Your Structure

  • Seal up entry points
  • Remove clutter
  • Clean up spills
  • Keep kitchen clean
  • Remove trash
  • Keep doors closed
  • Replace damaged screens in windows
  • Reduce ivy and heavy vegetation
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Pest Identification is the most important part of a good pest management Program

All of Innovative Pest Solutions technicians are trained by a Masters Degreed Entomologist.  This training allows them  to identify the pest problem and customize a pest management program that will most efficiently solve and prevent pest in your home, office or work place.  Here are just a few of the pests that we see most often invading structures in Western Kentucky.